Between January and August 1947 the conflicting political, religious and social tensions in India culminated in independence and the creation of Pakistan. Nearly one million people died as partition was realized. The events of those months would dictate the history of South Asia for the next seventy years, leading to three wars, countless acts of terrorism, polarization around the Cold War powers and to two nations with millions living in poverty spending disproportionate amounts on their military. The roots of much of the violence in the region today, and worldwide, are in the decisions taken that year

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